Rome artifacts still lives in Kas …
Kas was named as Antifellos, Habesos or Habesa and Andifli. Lycian ruins can be seen in every step of Kas which were used as the harbour of Phellos in the 4th century BC.
Rock-cut tombs, cistern, mausoleum and ancient theater are the main ones.
The ancient city of Istlada
Istla is one of the most important ancient city of the Lycian region. Finike road is being used to reach this city. It is located 1 km south of the Hoyran village.
There is not enough historical information about Istla and no archeological excavation was conducted. Istla means ‘the rivulet at the foot of the valley” in Luwi language. Sarcophagi made of rock tombs, cisterns and stellar structures are the most conspicuous structures. The famous Hoyran mausoleum is also located in this region.
Three people stands on the round pediment of the mausoleum. The wide frieze below on the beam end shows a man in the middle who reclines on a couch, in front of him a table and four armed men, behind him two male and six female figures. There is a worn Lycian inscription on its top. It is predicted that all the mausoleums date back to Roman-Era.
Kilincli (Apollonia) was an ancient city on the way to Kekova in Kilincli village which is 22 km far from Kas. It was a part of Lycian regional unit. As it is understood from the ruins, it was built in the 4th century BC.
The city was built on the top of a rock which shaped as the letter ‘L’. Only a few of the surrounding city walls are still standing. On the interior part of the West tower, there are well-protected ruins and a church from Byzantine-Era. A damaged theater is located on the west side of the church. The bath and a interesting structure 6 prism-shaped mausoleum Heroon 6 are the other ruins in the area.
Isinda ruins are near on the hilltops of Belenli village. The village is on the way to Finike. A little bit further from Agullu village, there is an asfalt road on the left which goes directly to Belenli. Similarly, Isinda was also a small Lycian town owned by a governor. For that reason, it was represented with Aperlai within Lycian regional unit. This also is written on inscriptions as ‘Isindali Aperlaians’. The wall surrounding the city is less visible on the north and the north-east.
Near the middle of the walls, the basis of a elongated structure can be seen. It is quite common to encounter cisterns in high Lycian cities as in this city. The most interesting ruins in Isinda are the two Lycian tombs built as a house with inscriptions located in the middle of acropolis. Besides, it is possible to see Lycian sarcophagi from Roman-Era and many rock tombs in the direction of the village.
A few of them are noticeable on the ridges above the village. The view from Isinda to the direction of Kas is fascinating. The tomb in Cindam which is not far from Belenli village, immediately draws attention. It seems like a house at the bottom and the upper part is sarcophagus-shaped.
Kyaenai means ‘dark blue’ and is also called as ‘Ringing Rocks’. The wind crashes to the rocks and the rocks sounds like a ring. This is how the district got its name.
Kyaenai ruins was built on the steep cliffs of Yavi village and 23 km far from Kas. It is unknown when the city was built; however, the inscription say that it dates back even before the 4th century BC. It has been inhabited continuously from the date that it was built. The wealthy Lason from Kyaenai not only helped his own city but also helped 16 Lycia cities during their construction. For this reason, he was given the name “Lyciacn” which means the greatest emperor of Lycia.
The city developed tremendously during the Roman-Era. It was a bishop center in the Byzantine-Era and abandoned in the 10th century.